The Lehigh Valley Chapter held two courses this fall. More detailed information can be found in the attached course announcements.

Practical interpretation of Microstructures was held August 12th & 13th at Carpenter Technology’s Reading R&D Center.

Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgists was taught October 24th and 25th, also at Carpenter Technology in Reading, PA. A WebEx option was available for those outside of the Reading area.


Issue Date: 6/11/19

WHERE:  Carpenter Technology Corporation R&D Center
1600 Center Ave, Reading PA 19601

 WHEN:  August 12 & 13, 2019.


$1750/student (Includes Course Manual, Supplies, Knowledgeable Instructors, and CEUs)

$750 for full time students (slots may be limited)

Instructor:   Dan Dennies, PhD, FASM

REGISTRATION DEADLINE BY: Friday, July 5th, 2019

Please contact or Eric Cole (, 610-208-4429) ASMI LVC Education Chairman to register for this class or for questions regarding the class.  Class size is limited to 15 students


The Lehigh Valley Chapter is offering a 2-day, condensed version of ASM International’s 4-day Practical Interpretation of Microstructures class which will focus on alloy systems relevant to those who participate.  Additional online materials will be provided for course chapters of the 4-day course that not covered in class.

Practical interpretation of Microstructures is a “Hands-On” course. The microstructures, heat treatment and use of each group of alloys are presented in a lecture. The lecture is followed by viewing of actual structures on a projection screen. The features of the structures are pointed out and discussed. The students then examine the over 200 mounts at their microscope stations and compare them with an illustrated and annotated notebook of the structures. There are no required prerequisites, but the basic knowledge of sample preparation, heat treating or metallurgy will enhance the understanding of the presented material.

Students are encouraged to bring prepared metallographic specimens to the class for discussion.

Target Audience:

  • Metallographers
  • Technicians
  • Metallurgists and Engineers
  • Individuals who are required to interpret microstructures

Learning Objectives:  Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

    • Use proper terminology to describe microstructures
    • Correlate microstructures to heat treatment, mechanical properties and chemistry
    • Recognize martensite, austenite, bainite, ferrite in ferrous alloys
    • Determine manufacturing processes based on indications in the microstructure
    • Identify structures of non-ferrous alloys such as super alloys, titanium, copper and aluminum alloys
    • Understand imperfections and their cause
    • Tell preparation artifacts from actual structures

Course Outline:

  1. Proper Terminology for Describing Microstructures
  2. Optimizing the Images on the Metallograph
  3. Iron/ Carbon Phase Diagram and TTT Diagram
  4. Structures of Carbon and Alloy Steels as Produced by Heat Treatments
  5. Structures of Stainless Steels and Heat Resisting Alloys
  6. Microstructures of Titanium and Its Alloys
  7. Structures of Aluminum Alloys, Cast and Wrought
  8. Microstructures of Copper-Based Alloys
  9. Common Failure Modes of Various Alloys

Successful Completion of this ASMI MEI Course also includes the following:

  1. Three Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and a Certificate of Course Completion
  2. One year of free ASMI Membership


Dr. Dan P. Dennies is a licensed metallurgical professional engineer (P.E.) in the state of California. He has over 40 years of experience in the raw material, forging, aerospace, and aircraft industries as a technical specialist, technical manager, and program manager. The majority of his career has been in the aerospace industry working on projects such as the Space Shuttle Main Engine, National Launch System, National Aerospace Plane, expendable launch systems such as Delta and Titan, and the International Space Station.





Issue Date: 6/11/19

WHERE:  Carpenter Technology Corporation, Reading, PA

Building 87 (HRDC) Aerospace/Energy Conference Rooms (West Shore/Blair Street Entrance)

Those outside of the Reading area may elect to participate by WebEx

WHEN:  October 24 & 25, 2019         8:30 AM – 5:00 PM.

COST:    $650/student (Includes Course Manual, Supplies, Knowledgeable Instructors, and CEUs)

INSTRUCTORS: Experienced Carpenter Metallurgists

  • Kurt Rohrbach – Former Director, Forged Bar & Billet Business Group (retired)
  • Gian Colombo – Principal Metallurgist –Research & Development

REGISTRATION DEADLINE BY: Friday, October 3rd, 2019

Please contact Wesley Roth (, 610-208-2437) or Eric Cole (, 610-208-4429) ASMI LVC Education Chairman to register for this class or for questions regarding the class.


Metals and alloys are used in the greatest variety of applications of all engineering materials. As such, it is important, if not essential, for those involved in manufacturing, testing, engineering and construction to have an understanding of what metals are, how they behave, and why they are different than ceramics, glass, and plastics. It is also important to understand how metals can be made stronger or more corrosion resistant, how they can be processed into shapes by casting, forging, forming, machining, or welding, and how such processes can alter the properties of the metal or alloy in either favorable or unfavorable ways. This course provides this knowledge to those who, while not specialists in metals (i.e., metallurgists), would benefit from such an understanding.

Target Audience:

  • Metal Processing or Testing Personnel, Manufacturing Supervisors, NDT Specialists, Heat Treating Operators and Managers
  • Sales, Marketing, Commercial, Financial, Engineering, Operations Planning, IT, and other individuals without a materials background who want to better understand the role of materials science in the performance of their job responsibilities and career paths

Learning Objectives:  Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

  • Describe how and why metals behave the way they do and how they can be formed.
  • Recognize how metals can be strengthened by alloying, cold-working, and heat treatment.
  • Determine why metals and alloys don’t always behave as expected and how they can be made to behave as-needed. Determine what metal or alloy can be used for a specific combination of properties.

Course Outline:

  1. Metals: History of the discovery of the major commercially important metals; the first primitive refining techniques; brief descriptions of cultural significance of metals.
  2. Extractive Metallurgy: Techniques used to extract metals from mineral ores, including hydrometallurgical, pyrometallurgical, and electrometallurgical techniques.
  3. Solidification of Metals: Introduction to the science of metallurgy, including crystal structure; concepts of solidification and solid solubility; basic binary phase diagrams.
  4. Metal Forming: Forging, rolling, extrusion, swaging, and other techniques employed to form metals at elevated temperatures; rolling, stamping, coining, spinning, and other techniques used to form metals at ambient temperatures.
  5. Mechanical Properties and Their Measurement: Definitions of mechanical properties and explanations of testing procedures; introduction to concepts of standardization and quality control.
  6. Steels and Cast Irons – Applications and Metallurgy: Description of the allotropic nature of iron and its effect on the properties of steels and cast irons; listing of selected applications of steels and cast irons.
  7. Heat Treatment of Steel: Hardness and hardenability of steel; specific processes and their applications; heat treating procedures, equipment, quenchants, and hardness measurements.
  8. Case Hardening of Steel: Techniques used to harden the case of a metal, including carburizing, nitriding, carbo-nitriding; procedure for measuring case depth.
  9. Strengthening Mechanisms: Techniques used to harden the nonferrous metals, including age hardening, strain hardening and related metallurgical concepts for aluminum, titanium, copper, and other nonferrous metals.
  10. Nonferrous Metals: Industrial Applications and Properties: Light metals, aluminum, beryllium, magnesium, and titanium; copper and its alloys; lead, tin, and zinc; precious metals.
  11. Joining: Techniques of welding, brazing, and soldering, including descriptions of specific applications of each process described.
  12. Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention: Causes of corrosion and the environmental factors which contribute to it; types of corrosion are discussed, together with techniques for minimizing it.
  13. Quality Control and Failure Analysis: Procedures for predicting and/or evaluating the performance of metals in service.
  14. Materials Characterization and the Selection Process: Explanation of the designation systems for classes of metals and alloys in worldwide use today; descriptions of factors which affect the selection of a material for a particular application; brief comparison of polymers and ceramics related to metals; case studies of material selection problems.

Successful Completion of this ASMI MEI Course also includes the following:

  1. Three Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and a Certificate of Course Completion
  2. One year of free ASMI Membership



Please stay tuned and check back here often for future class announcements. If you have questions about classes offered by the Lehigh Valley Chapter or would like suggest future topics, contact the Education Chair here: Greg Del Corso

Additional educational opportunities are available through ASM International and can be found here.